Cuban Missile Crisis Essay Titles

On By In 1

During the administration of United States President John F. Kennedy, the Cold War reached its most dangerous state, and the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) came to the edge of nuclear war in what was known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. What was the Cold War? What started the tensions between the United States and the USSR? What actions were taken and how were the problems resolved? All of these questions and more shall be answered in this paper.

The Cold War was a struggle between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union. Although direct military conflict never took place, diplomatic and economic struggles occurred. The Cold War began when Joseph Stalin, leader of the Communist Party, used the Red Army to take control of most of the countries of Eastern Europe. The United States as well as Western European countries were greatly concerned. In response to Stalin’s military movements, President Harry Truman issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947. In his address to Congress, President Truman asked that the United States would aid any country that asked for help in resisting communism. The Truman Doctrine became known as the basis for containment, the policy to keep communism from spreading to other countries. After the Truman Doctrine, George Catlett Marshall, Secretary of State, proposed the Marshall Plan, the European Recovery Program through which the United States provided aid to Western Europe after World War 2, in June 1947. The Marshall Plan was offered to all European countries, but Stalin would not let the countries his military was occupying take part. In April 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed. The countries involved in this pact were the United States, Britain, France, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Portugal. The NATO agreement said that “an armed attack against one or more of its members in Europe and America shall be considered an attack against them all.” To ward off aggressors, American forces and nuclear weapons were to be kept in Western Europe. In response to NATO, the Soviet Union formed a similar pact between seven Eastern European countries called the Warsaw Treaty Organization, or Warsaw Pact. The countries involved along with the Soviet Union were Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.

While these pacts were forming, the United States and the Soviet Union were in an arms race. They were building lots of nuclear weapons, trying to outproduce each other so that neither dare attack. This policy is called deterrence. By 1952, the United States tested a hydrogen bomb, a bomb more powerful than an atomic bomb. A year later, the Soviet Union also tested a hydrogen bomb. Both countries developed rockets that had nuclear warheads. By 1957, the Soviet Union had developed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM’s). ICBM’s could reach targets all over the world.

While arms were building up, the Soviet Union went through a major change in power. In 1953, Joseph Stalin, leader of the Communist Party, died. After Stalin’s death, Nikita Khrushchev took over the Communist Party. Khrushchev made things different. He said that the Soviet Union would follow a policy of “peaceful coexistence” with the West. This “peace” was to continue until the early sixties, when new conflicts surfaced.

In the early 1960’s, new tensions arose between the United States and the USSR when Fidel Castro openly embraced communism and allied with the Soviet Union. Anastas Mikoyan, the Soviet First Deputy Prime Minister, negotiated this alliance. Increasing friction between the United States and the Soviet Union caused President Dwight D. Eisenhower to sever diplomatic ties with Cuba. This was the unofficial beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Before the ties were severed, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) had been training Cuban exiles for a possible invasion of Cuba. Newly inaugurated President John F. Kennedy approved this invasion on April 12, 1961. On April 14, 1961, a group of B-26 bombers, which were piloted by Cuban exiles, attacked air bases in Cuba. This raid was designed to destroy most of Castro’s air power before the land invasion was to take place. On April 17, 1961, the land invasion of Cuba took place at the Bay of Pigs. The invasion forces consisted of about 1400 Cuban exiles. Not much was achieved, though. Cuban ground forces quickly stopped the invasion. Of the 1400 Cuban exiles, 114 were killed and 1,189 were captured.

After the invasion in Cuba took place, more tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union surfaced. In August 1961, the East German government, which was occupied by the Soviet Union, built the Berlin Wall. The Berlin Wall was a wall dividing West Berlin and East Berlin. It was 12 feet high and 28 miles long. Guards were on watch constantly and mines were placed around the wall to discourage escaping.

After the Berlin Wall, the United States’ worst fear came true. On October 14, 1962, U.S. spy planes spotted the first ballistic missile on Cuba. President Kennedy decided to take action. He had several options, invasion, air strikes, a blockade, or diplomacy. On October 22, 1962, President Kennedy ordered a naval blockade around Cuba to prevent the arrival of more missiles. President Kennedy announced that he would turn back ships with the intent of delivering missiles to Cuba. He also pledged full retaliation against the Soviet Union if even one missile is fired from Cuba toward any country in the Western Hemisphere. President Kennedy demanded that Khrushchev dismantles and removes the missiles that were placed in Cuba. Khrushchev agreed to remove the missiles and offered an on-site inspection. Kennedy agreed and removed the naval blockade from Cuba. Castro felt differently about the inspections. He wouldn’t allow them. The inspections weren’t needed. U.S. aerial reconnaissance planes revealed that the missile bases were being dismantled.

The Cuban Missile Crisis had ended. Nuclear war had been averted, but the end of the Cuban Missile Crisis didn’t end the Cold War. The Cold War didn’t “end” until the early nineties, when Mikhail Gorbechev and George Bush ended the superpower rivalry.

Filed Under: Cuba, History, The Cold War

53 results found, view free essays on page:

  • Cuban Missile Crisis War Against Japan

    1,940 words

    COLD WAR ESSAY The cold war began because of the conflicting ideologies between Soviet Communism and American Capitalism and the misconceptions both countries had about each other. The fact that neither country would reveal anything about them selves added the mystique and created high tensions between countries. Spying was the only way for countries to get a good idea of what the other side was doing and get answers for many previously unanswered questions. Many people had doubts and fears abou...
    Free research essays on topics related to: josef stalin, war against japan, missiles in cuba, cuban missile crisis, missiles in turkey
  • Cuban Missile Crisis John F Kennedy

    1,823 words

    Nuclear destruction, when those two devastating and frightening words are brought up one thought comes to mind, The Cuban Missile Crisis. This was the closest the world has ever come to being blown apart by the people living on it. In April 1962, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev conceived the idea of placing intermediate-range ballistic missiles (IRBM) in Cuba. Placing IRBM in Cuba would double the Soviet strategic arsenal and provide a real deterrent to a potential U. S. attack against the Sovi...
    Free research essays on topics related to: soviet union, john f kennedy, cuban missile crisis, missiles in cuba, nikita khrushchev
  • Cuban Missile Crisis President John F Kennedy

    1,589 words

    The political world is much like a stew, methinks. It is a conglomeration of what has been, what is, and what is to become. Since the dawning of the atomic age with the World War II invention of atomic / nuclear war capability, however, this stew has taken on a whole new taste, a piquancy that perhaps none of us were -- or ever will be -- truly prepared for in all of its possible mishmash. No longer were the world wars to be merely strategies, complete with trenches, tanks, and troops. Since the...
    Free research essays on topics related to: president john f kennedy, cuban missile crisis, u s s r, soviet missiles, invade cuba
  • Cuban Missile Crisis At The Brink Of Abyss

    1,187 words

    ... ack of the missiles, which had been camouflaged and moved soon after Kennedys speech. Low flying spy planes encountered heavy fire and on October 27 Cubans shot down a U- 2 plane, killing its pilot. After this the Kennedy administration debated the question of an air strike on Cuba, but retaliation ran the risk of killing some Soviets, which could escalate the crisis. Kennedy knew that the American public would support the decision of removing the missiles in Turkey, but he did not want to b...
    Free research essays on topics related to: bay of pigs invasion, soviet union, cuban missile crisis, fidel castro, missiles in turkey
  • Cuban Missile Crisis John F Kennedy

    1,229 words

    Ask not what your country can do for you - Ask what you can do for your country. " John F. Kennedy spoke these words in his inauguration speech on January 20 th, 1961 in reference to the Peace Corps he created. (Peace Corps begins as a call to serve, page 1) John F. Kennedy sometimes is remembered as a very hard workingman who worked for his country and but yet as a man who made time to spend with him family. (Biography of John F. Kennedy, page 4 - 7) While he served the United States of America...
    Free research essays on topics related to: u s s r, president john f, peace corps, john f kennedy, cuban missile crisis
  • Diplomacy During Cuban Missile Crisis

    1,252 words

    Diplomacy during Cuban Missile Crisis The world will never be the same after the events of October of 1962, now known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. The events of those times will remain in the world history as an example of successful diplomacy and crisis management. This paper will analyze the Missile Crisis and identify the key aspects of foreign relations of those times, with their underlying strategies of decision-making. The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 provides a case study of how John F. K...
    Free research essays on topics related to: missiles in cuba, secretary of defense, cuban missile crisis, department of defense, balance of power
  • Cuban Missile Crisis Missiles In Turkey

    2,483 words

    Cuban Missile Crisis. Cuban Missile Crisis, major confrontation between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) that occurred in 1962 over the issue of Soviet-supplied missile installations in Cuba. Regarded by many as the world's closest approach to nuclear war, the crisis began when the United States discovered that Cuba had secretly installed Soviet missiles able to carry nuclear weapons. The missiles were capable of hitting targets across most of the United State...
    Free research essays on topics related to: missiles in turkey, fidel castro, ballistic missiles, bay of pigs invasion, cuban missile crisis
  • Cuban Missile Crisis Latin American Countries

    2,734 words

    Devi Hausman History Term Paper: Cuba May 31, 1999 Thousands of miniscule ripples protrude from the vast Atlantic Ocean. The sun, old in its day and weary of shining down upon the blue green sea begins to set. Almost as if to save the best for last, a brilliant mirage of orange and red color is cast upon the busy waves. Nowhere on this planet is this image captured so brilliantly as in the Caribbean, and nowhere on the earth is such a surreal scene captured daily. This heaven on Earth is a paint...
    Free research essays on topics related to: form of government, latin american countries, missiles in cuba, cuban missile crisis, bay of pigs
  • Cuban Missile Crisis Nikita Khrushchev

    768 words

    The Cuban Missile Crisis is one of the most tense and scariest periods in our nations and the worlds history. The world was literally on the brink of nuclear annihilation. Once again the different ideologies of the United States of America and the Soviet Union had led them to confrontation only this time it could have had much more serious consequences. There are literally thousands of web sites that deal with this issue. The two sites I found the most interesting are 14 Days in October and The ...
    Free research essays on topics related to: cuban missile crisis, foreign policy, nikita khrushchev, cold war, soviet union
  • Cuban Missile Crisis President John F Kennedy

    1,030 words

    During the administration of United States President John F. Kennedy, the Cold War reached its most dangerous state, and the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) came to the edge of nuclear war in what was known as the Cuban Missile Crisis. What was the Cold War? What started the tensions between the United States and the USSR? What actions were taken and how were the problems resolved? All of these questions and more shall be answered in this paper. The Cold War was ...
    Free research essays on topics related to: united states and the soviet, cuban missile crisis, president john f kennedy, invasion of cuba, states and the soviet union
  • Cuban Missile Crisis President John F Kennedy

    1,371 words

    The closest the world has come to nuclear war was the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962. The Soviets had installed nuclear missiles in Cuba, just 90 miles off the coast of the United States. U. S. armed forces were at their highest state of readiness. Soviet field commanders in Cuba were authorized to use tactical nuclear weapons if invaded by the U. S. The fate of millions literally hinged upon the ability of two men, President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev, to reach a compro...
    Free research essays on topics related to: president john f kennedy, premier nikita, cuban missile crisis, naval blockade, nikita khrushchev
  • Cuban Missile Crisis Washington D C

    1,449 words

    After WWII, only two major superpowers existed. These two powers were, the United States and the Soviet Union. At the end of WWI Germany which had been the major superpower, along with the U. S. was destroyed. Therefore the Soviet Union took over. The Cold War was a period in which the Soviet Union and the U. S. were competing for power. This war was not really a war it was more like a competition. The U. S. and the Soviet Union started to figure out how nuclear weapons worked, and how to use th...
    Free research essays on topics related to: washington d c, fidel castro, cuban missile crisis, bay of pigs, missiles in cuba
  • Cuban Missile Crisis U S S R

    1,258 words

    Cuban Missile Crisis When given the opportunity to write a research paper on any conflict or battle during recent American History, one has a number of options: World War Two, the War in Vietnam, and the Korean conflict to name but a few. However, I have chosen a brief period of two weeks during which the very existence of the United States was seriously threatened. To most of my generation the Cuban missile crisis is nonexistent. No one tends to look at non-physical actions as ones of any impor...
    Free research essays on topics related to: soviet union, american way of life, tons of tnt, u s s r, cuban missile crisis
  • Cuban Missile Crisis Missile Installations

    952 words

    The documentary that I viewed entitled, The Cuban Missile Crisis, brought about one of the most threatening times in United States History. Produced by Films For The Humanities Inc. , the film shows how the USSR placed missiles on Cuban Soil, solely it seems for the benefit of themselves. Why missiles ended up on the small island of Cuba is far from a mystery, people know the truth and what it cost Cuba as a Nation. The story of the Cuban Missile Crisis is heard around the world, in perhaps many...
    Free research essays on topics related to: missile installations, soviet union, president kennedy, cuban missile crisis, film shows
  • Chiang Kai Shek Cuban Missile Crisis

    3,814 words

    John Fitzgerald Kennedy Kennedy Kennedy John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35 th President of the United States, the youngest person ever to be elected President, the first Roman Catholic and the first to be born in the 20 th century. Kennedy was assassinated before he completed his third year as President therefore his achievements were limited. Nevertheless, his influence was worldwide, and his handling of the Cuban Missile Crisis may have prevented the United States from entering into another wo...
    Free research essays on topics related to: mao zedong, henry cabot lodge, chiang kai shek, cuban missile crisis, lee harvey oswald
  • Cuban Missile Crisis National Security Council

    2,754 words

    HOW CLOSE TO NUCLEAR WAR DID THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS COME? Neither Khrushchev nor Castro seemed to have any fear that missile placement in Cuba would lead to a nuclear war. The U. S. believed that the Soviets were planting nuclear missiles in Cuba as response to American installation in Turkey. The intention of the missiles was protection from invasion of the island by U. S. troops who had supposedly been moved to the eastern U. S. A. U. S. intelligence had estimated that there were 10, 000 Sov...
    Free research essays on topics related to: offensive weapons, nuclear war, soviet troops, cuban missile crisis, national security council
  • Cuban Missile Crisis Henry Cabot Lodge

    1,465 words

    John Fitzgerald Jfk 2 JFK John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35 th President of the United States and the youngest person ever elected to the presidency. He was also the first Roman Catholic president and the first president born during the 20 th century. He was born the second of nine children of the wealthy Joseph and Rose Kennedy in Brookline, Massachusetts. John F. Kennedy was not their most promising child until after the death of his brother Joseph Kennedy during World War II. Kennedy was ass...
    Free research essays on topics related to: cuban missile crisis, world war ii, henry cabot lodge, john f kennedy, lyndon b johnson
  • Cuban Missile Crisis J Edgar Hoover

    2,463 words

    JFK: Was His Assassination Inevitable? A popular misconception is that President John F. Kennedy s assassination was an isolated event perpetrated by one man. This could not be farther from the truth. Instead, it was the result of a complex combination of domestic and foreign events. When President Kennedy was in office, he had to deal with many issues, ranging from business and finance to crime-fighting and war issues. Perhaps it is not as important to decide who it was that killed him, but why...
    Free research essays on topics related to: j edgar hoover, lyndon b johnson, military industrial complex, john f kennedy, cuban missile crisis
  • Cuban Missile Crisis Secretary Of State

    1,214 words

    As shown in May and Zelikow? s The Kennedy Tapes, President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was only able to deal effectively with the Cuban Missile Crisis because of the comprehensive advice and support provided by his chief councilmen. Three of these men stand out in particular; while JFK? s? Executive Committee? was filled with bright and analytical minds, the most confident, able, and important men were Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, and the President? s broth...
    Free research essays on topics related to: secretary of defense, kennedy , secretary of state, cuban missile crisis, brother
  • Cuban Missile Crisis John F Kennedy

    2,218 words

    John F. Kennedy was the 35 th president of the United States 1961 to 1963. He was the youngest person ever to be elected president. Also, He was the first Roman Catholic president and the first president to be born in the 20 the century. He served in World War II on PT boat. He also helped to solve the Cuban Missile Crisis and started Peace of Corps to help 3 rd world countries better them selves. Kennedy was assassinated before he completed his third year as president. Therefore, his achievemen...
    Free research essays on topics related to: thousands of people, bay of pigs, john f kennedy, cuban missile crisis, invade cuba

53 results found, view free essays on page:

0 comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *