Essay Using The Senses

5 Senses

The 5 Senses aid in understanding of our environment and the surroundings The 5 Senses simplify the world around us as we can understand and comprehend whatever happens around us. The 5 Senses is an important component in early childhood education. Children should be taught about the 5 Senses as a core part of their education as it is very essential. Teaching the 5 Senses to children ensures that they can understand themselves and how their body organs work. In this way, they can appreciate themselves and better understand their environment and surroundings. The children also become creative and can think of ideas on their own as they attempt exercises in class.

The 5 Senses and the Sensory Organs

The 5 senses include hearing, tasting, seeing, touching and smelling. The sensory organ for hearing is the ear. Through listening, we hear voices and sounds in our surroundings. The organ for tasting is the tongue. We use the tongue for tasting to determine the taste of something. The sensory organ for seeing is the eye. We look at people, items and objects using our eyes. The sensory organ for touching is the skin. We feel the texture or even the hotness or coldness of items when we touch with our skin.

Teaching the 5 Senses

Children should be taught about the 5 Senses in a way that is simplified so that it becomes easier for them to understand. The importance of the knowledge of the 5 Senses to children is that it helps them to learn easily as they understand their bodies and the sense organs. They are also able to know more and explore on what they know as they can think of things on their own. The children with the help of the knowledge of the 5 Senses are able to learn about the world around them and what happens in it. The 5 Senses help children to appreciate their bodies and to take care not to damage any of the organs as they understand and know how important they are. While teaching the 5 senses, it is important to teach one sense at a time so that the children understand. Use of examples and clarifications where concepts are not understood is also of essence. The teacher is also supposed to ask the children questions and give them exercises that they should attempt on their own. This makes the learning and teaching processes easier.

Using the Senses to Write Descriptively



Brief Description

Students learn how descriptions that make use of their five senses can improve their writing.


Students will

  • use information from all five senses as they write a descriptive paragraph.
  • see how including sensory impressions in their writing can improve that writing and create work that others will enjoy reading.
  • learn how all writing can benefit by including sensory images.


senses, descriptions, descriptive writing, adjectives

Materials Needed

  • Hershey® Kisses or another type of candy

Lesson Plan

Explain to students that they are going to use all five senses as they write a descriptive paragraph. Ask students to list the five senses, and write them -- sight, hearing, taste, smell, and touch -- on a chalkboard or chart as students respond.

You might prepare in advance of the lesson a work sheet with a 5-column chart; each column should be headed by one of the five senses. Or students can create their own 5-column charts.

Provide each student with a Hershey's Kiss candy. Ask them to use all five senses to observe the candy's characteristics. Then have students work individually or in small groups to write down their observations. In the column headed Sight, for example, students might write:

  • It is silver.
  • It is wide at the bottom and slowly forms a point at the top, like a mountain.
  • It has a flag waving out from its point.

When students have written their observations for each of the senses, gather them together and let them share what they have written. Create a master list of their responses.

Next, choose one sense and model writing a paragraph that describes the candy from that perspective. Then have students complete a paragraph of their own.

To make grading the paragraphs easier, you might ask students to write only a single paragraph for each of the five senses.


Distribute to each student a different item. Ask students to use their five senses as they write a paragraph describing that item. Assess students on how well they describe the item and on whether they included characteristics for at least four of the five senses in the description.

Submitted By

Submitted by Joanna Wolanski, Evergeen Elementary School in Collegeville, Pennsylvania

Originally published 03/06/2003
Last updated 01/19/2009

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